Loss, Needs, Waters, Choosing, Filtering, Using, USA, European Union, Extract 1, Recipe 1

Water is a primary source of life, necessary for the lives of plants, animals, and of course for humans. The human body contains water, from 85 to 60 % depending on one’s age: new-born, child, grown-up or older person. If somebody doesn’t get any water for several days he can die of dehydration.

Daily loss  Each day, due to the functions of our body: perspiration, respiration, urination, defecation, we lose from 1700 to 2850 gr of water, depending on the information source.

Daily needs  Naturally, we must compensate for this loss. The water we give to our body comes not only from what we drink. It comes also from what we eatfruits and vegetables.
It’s important to drink water regularly, without waiting until our body is too thirsty. But which kind of water to choose and to drink?

Waters  Between water from the tap and mineral water from a bottle, we have a lot to think about.
Our first reaction is dependent on the taste of the water. Even if the company that sells you the water flowing from your tap tells you that this water is absolutely certified to all the imaginable health standards, if you don’t like its taste, if you feel like it’s a plunge into a detergent bottle when you drink it, you won’t drink it again.
Mineral water in bottles contains a mineral water coming from an underground spring or water coming from a famous source put into the bottle on the spot.
These waters are regularly analysed to improve their contents of mineral salts, oligo-elements, and their purity.
The disadvantages of bottles are that they are heavy when you go shopping, the extra space they need when you want to tidy up at home, the pollution they generate when they are empty, without even talking about what it means to produce and to transport them.

Choosing the water  We say that natural mineral salts ( carbonates, calcium chloride, iron, magnesium, potassium, sodium…) are good for your health but in limited quantity because they aren‘t harmful. An anotherpoint is that our body better assimilates these elements when they come from plants or animals. So at least, it’s better to drink a water with just a few mineral elements. Look at the sticker on the bottle, what is « the rate of dry residue at 180° It must be as low as possible, like the amount of nitrates.
Water also contains residues of pollution from non-organic agriculture; some phosphates, some nitrates, salts from heavy metals coming from the different metals used to distribute the water: lead, brass or copper (depending on the age of the system) which are dangerous for your health.
And, « crowning touch » is that some waters are added to make it « wholesome »: like bleach and chlorination. Are you still thirsty?
Yes! Great! So take delight with ideal water: not too hard, not too sweet, bacteriologically pure, without any chemicals, with an enjoyable taste, fresh, without any carbonation, and with just a few mineral salts.

Filtering the water  If this ideal water is far from your glass, you have only to filter your water. If one day, trekking in the forest, you find some water not really attractive, but you’re really thirsty, put some kaolin clay in, stir, let it settle before you drink. Kaolin will absorb the impureties.
For everyday use at home, you can filter your water with a special jug. You put a cartridge in the jug which filters the water you add from the tap. You need about one cartridge for 100 liters and so, your water will get less chalky and chlorinated.
The same process, but with an another apparatus can be attached directly to the tap.
The reverse osmosis process removes the chemical pollutants: nitrates, heavy metals, particulates, bacteria, mold, … and corrects the water acidity, and the water will become as sweet as source water. Filters cost as much as the other possibilities and you have to attach them directly to your plumbing.

Water’s use  Each day, we use water to prepare food: to drink, to cook, to wash dishes; for our hygiene… to wash our bodies and our clothes, footbaths, thermal cures, to clean the house, to give water to the plants in the garden or on the balcony. All of these uses are so many and need so much water that’s clear that we have to conserve water as much as possible and not waste it.
We can salvage water using a bowl in the kitchen. When we wash our hands, a salad, some fruit, dishes, clothes, we can give this water to plants. But don’t forget to use an organic dishwashing product. In another way, if we use a special container to keep the rain water from the gutter, we will salvage a lot of water. So much water from so little rain! Even more is salvaged if we use an underground cistern, which captures rainwater and with a filter, can urify it for home usage with different degrees of purity, depending on the intended use of the water: to drink it or not. When we choose the dry water closet, it conserves some more, not only because of the cost, but also for the psychology and the ideology.
There is so much pollution of the aquifers, so much garbage created by plastic bottles, that perhaps these suggestions today sound strange, exotic, or even a little crazy. But our obligations are for both today and tomorrow, for the well-being of all.

USA: Is your tape water safe? EWG’s analysis
European Union Mineral waters

Extract 1 – Medicine from water 
“Mud is a fault in water, but if a muddy river is full of conger-eel, it means that its water is healthy, just as it is an indication that water is fresh when small worms appear in its springs. Above all, we say that bitter water and water which inflates the stomach when we drink it, are bad. That’s what happened in Trézène (an Argolide town in 
Greece). As for nitrous and briny waters, peopletraveling to the Red Sea, across deserts, make them drinkable in two hours by adding polenta  and then, they also eat this polenta.”
Pliny the Elder
, 23-79 A.D., Natural History

Flower water 
Look all around you in the garden, see the happy harmony between the marigold and the borage flowers. The orange and blue colors are so luminous, their perfumes so light. In a small saucepan, take 2 deciliters of pure water you like to drink, let it boil, add one or two marigold flowers and 15 borage flowers. After boiling, turn off the heat source, and let the mixture infuse for about 10 minutes. If you prefer a sugared taste, add some sugar, honey or maple syrup. At the same time you are mixing, before you drink and feel the subtleties and the sweetness of this flower water, you’re imagining the next symphony of flower water you’re going to compose.