Antiquity, Middle Ages, Beauty, Bees, Recipe 1

Humans have appreciated the flavor of honey since the beginning of time, as shown in a cave-painting from Arana, Spain, which depicts a man keeping a bee-hive.



Honey and Antiquity Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Romans…. produced honey for several uses, one of them was to make sweet cakes. In ancient Egypt, honey was harvested in the Nile delta and kept in corked jars. Its medicinal properties include: caring for injuries, eye diseases, urinary and stomach troubles, as written in Ebers papyrus.
In the Bible, the Hebrews’ Promised Land is described as « a land with rivers of milk and honey. »
Greek people used to eat honey with cereals, especially barley, mixed with salted dishes and used to sweeten cakes. Like the Arabic peoples, the Greeks used honey to sugar food and to conserve it as well. According to his healthy dietetic rules, which varied for age, gender, and people’s occupations, Galen recommended honey to old people. © Lionel Maucuit

Middle Ages and honey  In Byzantium, honey was eaten on wheat cakes fried in oil or for stuffing chicken with honey-sweetened almonds.
Jewish families ate apples coated with honey on Yom Kippur day, wishing to share a sweet year.
With their extraordinary meals in their abbey, Benedictine monks drank pigmentum, some wine with an enhanced taste since it contained honey, pepper and cinnamon.

Honey and beauty  Honey is useful to clean the eyes, to heal a breastfeeding mother’s sore nipples, and with sour cream, lemon or any crushed fruits, as a mask for the face.

Honey and bees  The mortality rate of bees has increased in the last few years. Some people say that it’s because too much insecticide is used. Don’t forget that bees play a primordial role in keeping bio-diversity.


An organic honey is a honey produced by bees living in an organic bee-hive, constructed with materials which don’t contain any chemicals, gathering pollen in an organic or wild field, far from any pollution.
You wish to eat organic, so don’t hesitate to taste some spoonfuls of organic honey, which will bring you a rush of flavors like acacia, heather, chestnut tree, lavender, pine, rosemary, lime tree…  © Lionel Maucuit

Recipe 1 – from the hieroglyph of the Theban tomb from Rekmire, vizier of Thutmosis III, 1504-1450 B.C  « Crush a quantity of sedge roots (cyprus esculentus) in a mortar, sift the flour, add a cup of honey and knead, place the pastry in a metal pot, put it on fire adding a little fat, cook slowly until pastry is firm, let it brown without burning, let it cool, and make some bread with it, in conic form. »